Different Types Completing the Analogy pair
Type -1: Direct/Simple Analogy
In this type of questions, the first two words have a definite. We have to choose one word out of the given four alternatives which have same relationship with the third word as between the first two
1. Apparel is related to cloth in the same way as footwear is related to...?
a. Material b. leather c. cobbler d. shoes e. sandal
Sol b. first is made by other
2. Which of the following is related to Melody in the same way as Delicious is related to Taste?
a. Voice b. Speak c. Tongue d. Highness
Sol: a, Delicious represents good taste. Similarly, Melody describe pleasant Voice
3. Wave is the related to air in the same way as Ripples is related to......?
a. Wind b. Water c. Strom d. Smoke
Sol : b, Wave travel in air, ripples travel in water
4. Paddy is related to Field in the same way as Steel is related to......?
a. mine b. factory c. Iron D. Ore
Sol second is the place where the first is grown/produce
Type 2: Completing The Analogues pair
In this type of questions, two words are given. These are related to each other in some way. Another word is also given. The candidate is required t o find out the relationship between the first two words and choose the word from the given alternatives, which bears the same relationship to the third word, as the first two bear
1. Giant: Dwarf:: Genius : ?
a. Wicked b. gentle c. Idiot d. tiny
Sol. Dwarf is the antonym Of Giant. Similarly, the antonym of Genius Is Idiot
2. Cattle: Herd:: Sheep : ?
a. Flock b. swan c. shoal d. mob
Sol. herd is a group of cattle similarly; flock is a collection of sheep
3. Meningitis: Brain:: Cirrhosis : ?
a. Lungs b. brain c. liver d. heart
Sol. C. First is a disease which effect the second
4. Horse: Jockey:: Car: ?
a. Mechanic b. Chauffeur c. Steering d. Brake
Sol. first is driven by the second
5 Fruit: Banana:: mammal : ?
a. cow b. snake c. fish d. sparrow
Sol. C. first denote the class to which the second belongs
6. Rat: cat:: Worm : ?
a. Fishing b. earth c. bird d. silk
Sol. C. second feed the first
7 Walking: Running:: Smiling : ?
a. Feeling b. Laughing c. face d. Weeping
Sol B. second is the more intense form of the first
8. Eye: Wink: Heart?
a. Move b. Throb c. Pump d. Quiver
Sol. C. second denote the activity of the first
9 house: garbage: ore?
a. Rubbish b. gangue c. sand d. dregs
Sol. B. the waste of the house is called garbage. Similarly, the impurities in the ore are called gangue
10. Fire: extinguish:: thirst : ?
a. quench b. satiate c mitigate d. drink
sol. A. second is the name given to the act of doing away with the first
11. Wizard: witch:: monk : ?
a. madam b. widow c. nun d. virgin
sol. C. second is feminine gender of the first
12. Connoisseur: art:: gourmet : ?
a. food b. money c drink d. flesh
sol. first has good taste for the second
Type 3- Choosing the Analogus Pair
In this type of questions , a pair of word is given ,followed by four pair of words as alternatives. The candidate is required to choose the pair in which the words bear the same relationship to each other as the words of the given pair bear
1. Darkness: Lamp
a. Fatigue: Exercise b. Thirst: Water c. Medicine: Illness d. Study: Classroom
Soln. B. Just as a lamp eliminates darkness, so also water eliminates thirst.
2. Fish: Shoal
a. Audience: Theatre b. Shark: School c. Elephant: Flock d. Whale: Herd
Soln. A group of fish is called shoal. Similarly, a group of elephants is called flock.
So, the answer is (c).
3. Energy: Joule
a. Axe :Grind b. Ammeter :Current c. Power : Ampere d. Resistance : Ohm
Soln. Joule is the unit of measuring energy. Similarly ohm is the unit of measuring resistance. So the answer is (d).
TYPE 4 - Choosing a similar word
In this type of questions, a group of three/four words is given, followed by four other words as alternatives. The candidate is required to choose the alternative, which is similar to the given words.
1. Iron: Copper: zinc
a. ceramic b. carbon c. silver d. coke
Soln. answer is (c). All are metals.
2. Jute: cotton: wool
a. terylene b. silk c. rayon d. nylon
Soln. answer is (b). All are natural fibers.
3. Calf: Kid: Pup
a. infant b. young c. larva d. animal
Soln. answer is (c). All are young one of animals.
4. Potato: Carrot: Radish
a. Tomato b. Spinach c. Sesame d. Groundnut
Soln. answer is (d). All grows underground.
5. Marble: Slate: Gneiss
a. Quartzite b. Limestone c. Coal d. Sandstone
Soln. answer is (a). All are metamorphic rocks.
Type-5- Alphabet Analogy
In this type of questions, two group of letters related to each other in some way,are given.the candidate is required to find out this relationship and then choose either a letter-group which is related in the same way to a third group provided in the questions or pair consisting of similarly related letter-groups.
Ex.1. BEGK is related to ADFJ in the same way as PSVY is related to …….?......
(a) LOQT(b) ROUX(c) OTUZ(d) ORUX
Sol. Clearly, each letter of the first group in a pair is moved one step backward to obtain the corresponding letter of the second group.
B E G K P S V Y
-1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1
A D F J O R U X
Hence ,the answer is (d).
Ex.2. ABCD : NPRT : : FGHI : ?
Sol. Clearly, the first, second, third and fourth letters of the first group are moved
13,14,15 and 16 steps forward respectivel to obtain the corresponding letters of the second group.
A B C D F G H I
+13 +14 +15 +16 +13 +14 +15 +16
N P R T S U W Y
Ex.3. BLOCKED : YOLXPVW : : ? : OZFMXS
(a) LAUNCH(b) DEBATE(c) LABOUR(d) RESULT
Sol. Clearly, each letter in the first group occupies the same positions from the beginning of the alphabet as is occupied by the corresponding letter of the second group from the end of the alphabet.
Now, O,Z,F,M,X,S are respectively the 12th , 1st, 21st, 14th ,3rd, 8th letters from the end of the alphabet. Thus, the required letter group shall have in order the 12th, 1st, 21st, 14th ,3rd, 8th letters from the beginning of the alphabet, which is LAUNCH
Hence the answer is a
TYPE -6- NUMBER BASED
This section deals with two types of questions :
I. Choosing a number related to a given number in the same manner as the two numbers of another given pair are related to each other.
II. Choosing a similarly related pair as the given number pair on the basis of the relation between the numbers in each pair.
III. Choosing a number similar to a group of numbers on the basis of certain common properties that they possess.
IV. Choosing a number set similar to a given number set
1. 14: 9:: 26: ?
a. 12 b.13 c.15 d.31
Soln. answer is (c). The relationship is (2x-4): x
2. 8 : 28 :: 27 : ?
a.55 b.63 c.64 d.65
Soln. answer is (d). The relationship is x*3: ( x+1)*3 +1
3. 42 : 56 :: 72 : ?
a. 81 b.90 c.92 d.100
Soln. answer is (b). 42=6x7, 56=7x8, 72=8x9 so missing fig is 90 = 9x10 .
4. 49: 81:: 100:?
a.64 b.144 c.169 d. none of these
Soln. answer is (b).The relationship is x*2: (x+2)*2